Doctors Opposed to Euthanasia
This paper was written by Tasmanian Academics, Hannah Graham and Jeremy Pritchard.
The paper looks at the 'Voluntary Assisted Dying' Discussion paper circulated in march 2013 by MPs Lara Gidding and Nick McKim and is critical of their approach.
The paper also reviews the contemporary research from across the globe and concludes that, contrary to the assertions of Giddings, McKim and others, issues of safety and risk are evident in jurisdictions where euthanasia & assisted suicide is legal.
The Lancet Jul, 2012
Comment: Latest meta-analysis from the Netherlands. Claims that the rate of euthanasia remain steady are not true. 2010 data shows that 23% of euthanasia cases are not reported; there were 310 deaths without request or consent and marks the alarming increase in the use of death by ‘continuous deep sedation’ to 12.3% of all deaths.
British Medical Journal Oct 5, 2010
Comment: Determines that 47.2% of all euthanasia deaths were not reported
Canadian Medical Association Journal May 17, 2010
Comment: The results are determined by reports from physicians responding to a questionnaire concerning specific deaths. 32% of euthanasia deaths were done without explicit request or consent.
Disability and Health Journal Jan, 2010
Comment: DHJ devoted entire journal to disability issues
Michigan Law Review Nov, 2008
Comment: Looks at Oregon’s assisted suicide laws and questions the efficacy of safeguards.
British Medical Journal Aug, 2008
Comment: Concerns the link between depression and request for assisted suicide in Oregon. 26% of participants in the study were considered to be depressed or experiencing feelings of hopelessness; yet none were sent for an assessment (which is considered a ‘safeguard’ in Oregon’s DWDA law.).
Childs Nervous System. Jan, 2008
Comment: Questions the whole thrust of the Groningen protocol.
Journal of Medical Ethics Oct, 2007
Comment: Challenges the assertion that vulnerable groups are not affected by euthanasia & assisted suicide laws.
The New England Journal of Medicine May, 2007
Comment: This is the study on the 2005 statistics from the Netherlands noting that 20% of all euthanasia deaths were not reported. Also noted the increase in death by ‘continuous deep sedation’.
Journal of Clinical Oncology Sep 20, 2005
Comment: Concerns the link between depression and euthanasia. The author hypothesised that there was no connection. Conclusion that people with signs of depression or a sense of hopelessness were 4.1 times more likely to request euthanasia.
The New England Journal of Medicine Mar, 2005
Comment: Explains how the Groningen protocol operates.
"the legalisation of voluntary euthanasia would pose a serious threat to the more vulnerable members of society and that the obligation of the state to protect all its members equally outweighs the individual’s freedom to choose voluntary euthanasia."